Brief introduction about IELTS exam




The full form of IELTS is International English Language Testing System, and it is a language testing system used to check the level of candidates in the English language. The band scored by giving the test is globally accepted either to take admission at foreign colleges and universities or to migrate to another nation by giving Academic and General Training tests respectively. It is a test of four skills such as Listening, Reading, Writing, and Speaking and brief detail is given below:


Listening:


The listening test is usually 30 minutes in which test-takers listen to four recorded texts, monologues and conversations by a range of native speakers, and write their answers to a series of questions.


Reading:


The reading test is of 60 minutes. The difficulty level varies according to the modules and detailed information is given below: 


Academic Module: The Academic version includes three long texts which range from the descriptive and factual to the discursive and analytical. The text is taken from various sources such as books, journals, magazines, and newspapers.


General Training Module: The General Training version requires test takers to read extracts from newspapers, advertisements, instruction manuals, and books. You engage with this text almost every day in your life.


Writing:


The duration of the writing test is 60 minutes and it is divided into two parts that are writing task 1 and writing task 2. Task 2 is different for an academic and general module and is given below:


Academic Module: The Academic version includes two tasks. The topics are general and the students who are gong for undergraduate or postgraduate studies can easily understand it. 


Task 1: In this section students asked to solve any of them such as a graph, table, chart, or diagram, and are also asked to explain or describe the same in their own words. Besides, they may be asked to explain in detail about data, may be different stages of a process or how it works, explain an object or event.


Task 2: An essay is given to the learners and are asked them to write their point of view, argument or problem. All the answers in both tasks should be written in a formal style means no informal language.


General Training Module: The General Training version also includes two tasks and is based on topics of general interest.


Task 1: In this section the examiner gives you a situation and ask you to write a letter to a person for information or to explain the situation. It may be asked to write formal, semi-formal, or personal style.


Task 2: An essay is given to the learners and are asked them to write their point of view, argument or problem. All the answers in both tasks should be written in a formal style means no informal language.


Speaking Module:


The speaking test usually lasts for 11–14 minutes depending on the examiner. This test assesses the student’s ability to spoken the English language and the test is recorded by the examiner at the time of the test with the help of a digital recorder. This test consists of three parts:


Part 1: In this part, the examiner asks about general questions about your self. It may include a range of topics, such as their home, family, work, studies, and interests and it typically lasts for about five minutes. This section is used to make the student comfortable.


Part 2: After the introduction part, the examiner gives you a booklet and in this, there is a cue card in any topic of the examiner's choice. You have one minute to prepare for the cue card and after one minute you have been given up to two minutes for speaking. Besides, the examiner may ask you one or two questions on the same topic.


Part 3: Then, the candidates are asked about different questions that are connected to the Part 2. These questions allow them to speak more about certain issues and ideas. It lasts for about five minutes and the format of the Speaking test is the same for both the Academic and General Training modules. The structure is designed in such a way that it does not allow the candidates to rehearse set responses beforehand.


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